นิยามของภาษีแต่ละกลุ่ม มีดังต่อไปนี้ Taxes on goods and services include general sales and turnover or value added taxes, selective excises on goods, selective taxes on services, taxes on the use of goods or property, taxes on extraction and production of minerals, and profits of fiscal monopolies. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GC.TAX.GSRV.CN
Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GC.TAX.YPKG.CN Taxes on international trade include import duties, export duties, profits of export or import monopolies, exchange profits, and exchange taxes.http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GC.TAX.INTT.CN
Not far from one of Bangkok’s busiest nightlife districts is a shadowy boulevard frequented by swathes of what are colloquially referred to as “money boys.” Tee stands among them. For over a year, he has been offering his sexual services to a steady, late-night clientele. This is his story.
“University of Michigan has received $2 million to establish the Thai Professorship of Theravada Buddhism.” Innocuous at first glance, especially when the university states that “the gift will enhance one of the largest Buddhist studies programs in North America” and that the “holder of the endowed chair will teach courses and conduct research to advance knowledge of Thai Buddhism.”
“gift comes from Amnuay Viravan, the former deputy prime minister, finance minister and foreign minister of Thailand, with matching support provided by the Crown Property Bureau of the Ministry of Finance of Thailand.”
At the Harvard fundraiser I attended in Bangkok last August, [coup supporter] Surin [Pitsuwan] used the word “beachhead” to describe the envisioned role of the Thai Studies program. His choice of a word with military and strategic connotations is significant. Having overthrown a series of elected governments and facing growing criticism from cold-war allies, the conservative establishment is working hard to rebuild its legitimacy abroad, and setting up a program at Harvard would be an important victory. Surin announced donations from several tycoons, and said he was seeking funding for the program from the King’s Crown Property Bureau, which manages the monarch’s wealth of more than $30 billion.